# TEACHING STUDENTS WITH DYSCALCULIA

TIPS FOR TEACHING STUDENTS WITH DYSCALCULIA

What is dyscalculia?
Dyscalculia is a math learning disability. It is beyond just not being good at math.
It is a severe disability understanding performing math concepts. A student with Dyscalculia has a difficult time understanding concepts such as place value, quantity, number lines and carrying and borrowing.
How do we help them learn math?

Here are a few ideas we will talk about in this series of posts.

1. Use of mnemonics to augment memory.
2. Create positive success from wherever the student is functioning.
3. Use concrete materials whenever possible.
4. Use aids such as learning peers, prompting cards, graph paper, and colored pencils.
5. Draw pictures whenever possible of concepts being taught.
Today, we let's look at Mnemonics.
We have all used mnemonics at one time or another. Whether it was for our students or for ourselves, we do it to augment our memory on the topic we are having difficulty with.
In math, there is a multitude of mnemonics.

What are Mnemonics?

Mnemonics can be a simple phrase, a rhyme, a set of words, or even a set of pictures to help us remember something. It could even be a short story. What works for your student may be a well know mnemonic or one you create yourself.

Here is how  Mnemonics help?

Memorizing math facts or steps to a math problem such as multiplication facts or 2 and 3 digit multiplication problems can be made easier by giving it a mnemonic.

Here is how they can be implemented?

Create or use already made mnemonics. Tell the students what the mnemonic can help them remember.  Go through the mnemonic slowly at first to demonstrate how they can get the information they need.
Practice the mnemonic repeated until the student is familiar with it and can practice it independently.

Examples of mnemonics

COUNTING
One, two, buckle my shoe.
Three, four, shut the door.
Five, six, pick up sticks.
Seven, eight, lay them straight.
Nine, ten, begin again.

MULTIPLICATION FACTS
6 and 8 went out to skate.
They didn't come back until they were 48

In karate, you do lots of kicks.
6 X 6 = 36

SOLVING WORD PROBLEMS

Study the problem.
Organize the facts.
Line up the plan.
Verify the plan 