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Mary Ann

INCLUSION...such a common word these days. How do we include everyone to the best of their ability to get the best experience and education.
In schools of yesteryear, students with specials needs have been isolated first in different schools, then in separate classes. Students with special needs have also been included for partial portions of the school.

A big part of special education is making sure the students are included with the general education students as much as possible.

As a resource teacher it was a big part of what I did with the students; getting them involved in the mainstream classroom. At times kids went to general education classes where they participated in their strongest subject with the other students and came to special education when the class was working on subjects they needed more help with.

Now many schools have inclusion classrooms and  many special education students are in the general education classrooms all day. Special Education teachers sometimes go from classroom to classroom working with the students  right in the classroom. At our school we had 6 inclusion special education teachers that divided the grades up between them and spent their days in the general education classroom. The special education teachers worked with the grade level teacher or assisted the teacher in presenting the materials in ways all the students could understand and master them.

As a self contained teacher, I was always working with teachers in multiple grades to include my students not only in academic areas they could manage successfully, but also social, recreational and non-academic activities. Many of the students attend physical education, music, art, assemblies, meals and field trips with a buddy class. They also attend parties and social activities with them.
Provide variety of instructional methods to meet the needs of all children. (this can include but is not limited to: team teaching, cross grade grouping, cooperative learning groups, and  peer tutoring.                                  

PAIR KIDS - At the beginning of each year, we pair up special education students with general ed students in their grade level classes.
Throughout the year students participate in activities with their partners such as parties, dances, field days and field trips with this class where appropriate.  This helps the students form relationships from the beginning of the year and make friends.

PAIR CLASSES - Pair general ed classes with special needs classes or students. We often pair with a grade level class that matches best with the over level of the students I have that year. We  visit their classroom when they are working on a special project. The kids enjoy working together and sharing ideas and helping each other learn.  We go together with our buddy class to special programs,  attend special functions together and pair up to do to go on field trips together. We even work together on reading and sharing books, practicing flash cards for vocabulary and math facts.

As students develop relationships, let them spend more time with each other as
Our kids loved eating lunch with their gen. ed buddies.

What are some things you do to include your special education students in things in the mainstream? 

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So you're a special education teacher! You have your elementary class and now you have all these students to teach to read.
 Now it comes to deciding and choosing what reading materials you will use with your kids.
How do you pick what to use for your kiddos?

Here are 5 things to consider when choosing reading instructional materials.

  1. Look at your kids' needs. What type of learners are they? Know your students! 
What type of disabilities and skills do your students have?
  •  Are they good at memorization? 
  • Do they lack phonetic skills? 
  • Are they strong in vocabulary? 
  • Can they read words fluently? 
  • Do they grasp the meaning of the content they read? 
  • Do they require extensive repetition to grasp concepts? 
  • Are your students good at word calling(i.e, reading the word but not knowing the meaning)?
Keep these answers in mind when you select your materials.

2.  Assess your students if you don't know the answers to these questions. This assessment could be formal or informal. I usually started by administering a sight word test. 
This can be as easy as a checklist of the sight vocabulary your students need to learn. I frequently used Dolch or Fry, but sometimes I was required to use our districts word lists. Completing an assessment such as this can give a great picture not only about what words they know but how they approach decoding words.
3.   Look for the reading components that match your student needs. What do you need the materials to include and focus on? 
4.  Consider that fluency, comprehension, vocabulary, phonics and phonemic awareness are crucial components of any reading program. They all play an important role in a good reading course.
5.  Look at each student and determine what area(s) they need to focus on the most. Decide which series, programs will answer each students needs the most.
Let's look at just a few of the more common reading programs available that you could consider using.


Great for kids with good memorization skills.
This is an excellent program for students with special needs as it provides repetitive lessons that can be a valuable teaching strategy when working with kids with special needs. In my experience, Edmark works well with kids that learn whole words better than phonics.
I love the direction cards, the repitition and hand on materials in this program. They have take home materials and extra practice worksheets. Edmark also includes a technology portion of the program which can be helpful for kids needing reinforcement. The Edmark materials includes easy to use data sheets that work well to keep track of what lesson the student is on but also words missed in each lesson. These also serve as a great way to record data. Edmark is great for kids needing an instant gratification that they CAN READ.


PCI Reading Program is a superb choice for kids needing to work on transition from individual words to sentences and comp. This research-based program focuses on teaching sight words not only from the more common Fry and Dolch lists but it also incorporates real world words. Integrated in these materials are sight word lessons presented through repitition followed by hands on practice. By the time the students complete just level 1, they have mastered 140 sight words.
One of the great things about this program is the way they introduce 5 sight words which are quickly followed by  stories that enable the kids to practice the previous 5 words plus others they have learned before.
This is another great program that includes excellent worksheets and data recording sheets


This is a wonderful methodical program that focuses on decoding and comprehension. It is geared to start at 3rd grade.
This program has a great comprehension strand. It focuses on writing it thinking it and speaking it. The decoding sportion emphasizes vocabulary and structure of language.
This another great product with detailed progress and data tracking all built into it.


Reading Mastery is another program that has been around for quite awhile and for good reason. It combines fluency, phonics, phonetic awareness, word decoding and comprehension into a package that works. The materials in this program are comprehensive and take a bit of organization, but once you settle on your organizational plan for it, you are set.   The data tracking and progress monitoring includes detailed
This program encompasses not only reading but writing, language and spelling as well.
The presentation of this program is highly scripted and some people have experienced difficulty with it, but I found it highly functional as the student could predict the questions.


Spell Read focuses on phonological fluency and reading fluency. It is a 1-year program for students that are 2 or more years behind in reading level. This program is a highly structured sequenced program that helps students learn sound knowledge, how to analyze sounds and how to blend them.

The questioning technique of what is read in the program helps ensure the students are comprehending what is read. The written responses to what is read augment the synthesization of decoding and comprehension in this great program.

There are many restrictions we experience in the selection of materials to use with our kids. Sometimes our school boards dictate what we must use. We sometimes must heed the direction of our building administration or Special Education department. I have often found in my experience of material selection that if I have the research to back it up, they are often open to listening and considering of new materials.

What programs do YOU use in your classrooms? Share your favorites. 

As a Special Ed teacher, I often felt I lacked materials for my kiddos on their levels in Social Studies. Sometimes I was just plain lacking a good curriculum that could be presented to them in a way they could comprehend. At other times I felt what I was missing were the extra materials I needed to supplement the curriculum and reinforce the concepts.

I always wanted to expose my students to things around the world. I wanted to share with you this great group of materials for Social Studies concepts. They work exceptionally well for students on a variety of levels. We used this packet for introduction and reinforcement of information about countries around the world.

Each book  has 10 basic facts about each country with a picture interactive component for each page. With one fact on each page, the students can read each country fact then match the picture card to the correct page.
Here is a look at the book for United States. Click on the picture and YOU can have it for FREE as a sample.

With each country you get 2 sizes of the book. One is full letter page size for small groups and the other is a mini-book just perfect for little hands. 
Two worksheets are included with each country. The first is for the primary lev
el reader and those with limited writing skills. The response types focus on coloring a picture of the answer to 4 questions from the content of the books. The 2nd has a reading level of about 2nd grade and the answers can be selected by coloring, placing X's on, or circling the correct choice.
Also included are colored and black/white versions of maps relating to the book contents. You will find a continental map so students can locate the country on a world map, plus you will find a map isolating just the country of that book.
Content in the books revolves around basic fact about the country such as common food, famous landmark of the country, sports the country is known for and important holidays for the country.

Currently there are 11 of these cute country book sets. You can purchase them separately or in a money saving bundle which is located here. The countries include USA, Mexico, Canada, Italy, England, France, Japan, China, Mexico, Brazil, Germany, and Australia.

Plans are to continue adding books to this bundle until there are 20 countries in all. Get yours now at the current price and you will be notified when new countries are added and you will be able to download them for FREE.

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